Top professional courses available in the Nigerian Universities - Manknow

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Top professional courses available in the Nigerian Universities

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Top professional courses available in the Nigerian Universities

Before I could start listing out the professional courses available in the Nigerian universities, it is best for you to know what professionalism is all about.
Professionalism: Professionalism has to do with that quality of high standards that a job is meant to have. It often involves not only practical skills but also mental understanding. Professional jobs are those jobs which one does and he/she is paid salary and not wages as the reward.
Normally, almost every course offered at the Nigerian universities is meant to be called professional courses. This is because these courses posses some of the characteristics of professionalism.

What are the characteristics of professionalism?                                                                                                   

1.      Code of conduct or code of ethics: Every professional course in Nigeria is meant to possess a code of conduct or a code of ethics. Codes of ethics are rules which members of a profession must conform to. In Nigerian universities, every course has its own code of conduct that regulates its member’s practices.

2.      Professional body: Every profession must be backed up by a professional body. Without a professional body, no course can be tagged as being professional. For instance, engineers in Nigeria are being regulated by a professional body called Council of Registered Engineer (COREN).

3.      Years of specialization: For a course to be professional, the years of specialization should be long. This is telling us that the professional skills cannot be acquired so easily.

4.      Code of entry: The code of entry of every professional course must be controlled. What does this mean; non-professionals should be restricted from practicing a professional course. In other words, only those who have undergone the training that is concerned with the professional course of consideration as well as belonging or being a member to the professional body that regulates the professional course is allowed to practice that course. 

5.      Autonomy: Professionals are given the free will to practice their profession without the interference. In other words, professionals of a particular course can open establishments, make research and so on without any interference and so on.

6.      Legal backing: Professional courses are meant to be back up and supported by the Federal Government of Nigeria.

7.      Emoluments: This is another very important criterion to be talked on when ascertaining the professionalism of a course. Those who practice unprofessional jobs are paid in wages, while those who are actually professionals should be paid salaries. The salary or emoluments offered for professional service are far higher than the wages offered for an unprofessional task.

Why are courses offered in the universities or higher institute not professional?

On a normal basis, every course offered in the university are meant to be called professional courses. The reason for this statement is that every course in the university disseminates its knowledge, skills or idea through a formal means.
Also, almost every course in the university is meant to be backed up by a professional body.
However, not all courses are tagged with or attributed as being professional. This is because they do not meet a certain standard or they do not meet up with the characteristics of a professional course.
Most courses in Nigeria do not just worth to be called professional courses. Most courses offered at the higher institutions of Nigeria are lacking so many of the above characteristics of a profession or professionalism.
For instance:
  •          There are so many courses that lack a proper code of conduct to regulate the behavior of its members; the professional bodies to these courses do provide the code of ethics but they fail to enforce those codes of ethics.
  •        Some courses can simply not be called professional courses because they lack a proper code of entry. Anybody even the unprofessional is given the free will to practice these courses without any restriction. I want you to take the teaching profession as an instance, almost anyone can practice the teaching profession without having the necessary qualification to do or I want you to take political science as an instance; anybody can practice politics because the constitution allows it.
  •          Some courses do not offer an encouraging salary or emolument even after the stress involved in studying and acquiring the desired skills
  •        Professionalism is not just a day work; the skills required to gain professional skills are meant to be acquired in years. Take the teaching profession for instance; one can easily become a teacher with simply two years of practice, which is not meant to be so if it should be called a professional course.
  •      Some courses are not professional because they do not have legal backing or support by the Federal Government of Nigeria.
With these above points, I believe that you can tell which courses are professional and which course is not professional. Without wasting much of your time, I would provide you the top professional courses in Nigeria in no particular order.


Medicine is one of the top courses in Nigeria. Its prestige is evidence of the increasing number of students who wish to gain admission to study medicine. Medicine is extremely professional in its practices. The medicine profession has well stated code of ethics, strict code of entry (if you do not possess the necessary qualification, you cannot be called a medical doctor), long years of specialization (to be called a true medical doctor, you must be ready to spend above seven years to acquire its skills), high emoluments and legal backing of the government. Medical doctors do not seek jobs like other courses; it is truly a professional course in Nigeria.


One does not need to think twice about Law being a professional course in Nigeria. To fully become a lawyer in Nigeria involves more than just acquiring a certificate in law. There are so many steps in becoming a lawyer. The first step of becoming a lawyer is to have an undergraduate degree in law in any of the Nigerian universities. The second step is to enroll at the Nigerian Law school part I and II programmes.


Going to the university and acquiring a degree in engineering does not guarantee you the name engineering; there are rules and steps that need to be followed in order to bear that name engineer and practice engineering. Before you can bear the name engineer, you must have gained a five years experience working under the supervision of engineers who are actually professionals. Then, you need to be registered by the council involved in the registration of all engineers in Nigeria which is COREN (Council of Registered Engineers in Nigeria)
In other words, engineering is a professional course because of its strict code of entry, code of conduct and so on. Moreover, engineers in Nigeria are paid extremely well.

Banking and Finance

The banking and finance course in Nigeria is another professional course in Nigeria. Although the banking and finance course in Nigeria lack a proper code of entry (any other professional in other fields are not restricted in practicing banking in Nigeria), the banking and finance course can still be regarded as a professional course.
The modality of its practices makes it professional


Accounting is one of the most enviable professions in Nigeria. It is somewhat similar to the baking and finance course in Nigeria but there are still some differences that exist between them. The job of an accountant in any company or organization is very crucial to the successful management of that firm or organization; the role of an accountant can, therefore, be hardly replaced by those with the degree in another profession.
Enrolling for the ICAN exam and successfully becoming a chartered accountant in Nigeria would open the way for a lot of opportunities.


Indubitably, pharmacy is one of the top professional courses in Nigeria. In regards to the duties or roles performed by a pharmacist, there are strictly enforced laws which are backed up by the government concerning the practice of pharmacy in Nigeria.
Pharmacists are well respected in the country, Nigeria.

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